Le mot "néolibéralisme" renvoie assez souvent au Chili. Pour toute une génération, le traumatisme du coup d'Etat de 1973 ne met pas simplement fin au rêve porté par le président Salvador Allende, et à "la voie chilienne au socialisme" : l'intervention militaire enclenche aussi la mise en oeuvre de mesures néolibérales sur le continent latino-américain, et plus généralement à l'échelle mondiale. Mais de quoi parle-t-on lorsque l'on affirme que le Chili est un pays "néolibéral"? Depuis 40 ans, la question ne cesse d'alimenter réflexions et débats au sein des sciences sociales comme de la sphère publique (Des articles en Français et en Espagnol).
Pour fréquentes et actuelles qu'elles soient, les références aux valeurs européennes ne sont pas univoques et méritent d'être examinées avec soin. Quelles sont ces valeurs ? Sont-elles communes aux sociétés européennes ou proprement européennes ? Quel est ou devrait être leur rôle ? Rédigé en anglais et en français, cet ouvrage lance ainsi les bases d'un dialogue aujourd'hui nécessaire entre les différentes conceptions européenne(s) des valeurs dites européennes.
En première partie, un grand dossier thématique consacré à la nouvelle puissance émergente qu'est l'Union européenne après l'entrée en vigueur du Traité de Lisbonne : Et maintenant l'Europe ? - Entretien croisé sur l'identité européenne entre deux intellectuels de renom, Marcel Gauchet et Laurent Cohen-Tanugi, et un diplomate expert des questions européennes, le secrétaire général du Quai d'Orsay, Pierre Sellal - Le nouvel avenir européen, par Jean-Michel Casa, Directeur d'Europe au Quai d'Orsay - France-Allemagne : les actions décisives qui ont fait avancer l'Europe depuis deux ans (climat, régulation financière), par Bernard de Montferrand, ambassadeur de France à Berlin - Union européenne et Etats-Unis, une relation spéciale ? par Muriel Domenach, directrice-adjointe des Affaires stratégiques et de sécurité, au Quai d'Orsay - L'Europe vue de New Delhi, par Jérôme Bonnafont, ambassadeur en Inde En seconde partie, une série originale de réflexions et de « vécus » Analyses & Témoignages - François Zimmeray, ambassadeur chargé des Droits de l'Homme - Pour une diplomatie engagée - Général Emmanuel Beth - La coopération de défense et de sécurité - Jean Mendelson, directeur des archives- Du bon usage des archives diplomatiques - Eric Fournier, ambassadeur en Georgie - Un ambassadeur au coeur de la crise géorgienne - Pascal Texeira, Directeur de la Stratégie de la DGSE - Renseignement et diplomatie - Olivier Poivre d'Arvor, Directeur de CulturesFrance - Les nouvelles politiques culturelles américaine, britannique, allemande...
¿Hemos asistido a la explosión de una burbuja de espontánea "indignación"? ¿O se trata, más bien, de un movimiento astutamente programado por poderes ocultos?
¿Presenciamos un despertar generalizado de la conciencia o sólo la pataleta de quienes no desean despertar de su adictivo sueño de opulencia y progreso?
Para clarificar la turbia mezcla de realidades que nos envuelven necesitamos tiempo y mentes lúcidas, y en este libro encontraremos algunas de ellas.
Tenemos la responsabilidad de inventar otras maneras de vivir. De eso se trata, y no de retornar a esa Arcadia del Bienestar y el consumo, verdadero origen del estado de infrahumanidad e indignidad que padecemos y con el que muchas veces, a sabiendas o no, colaboramos.
This 15th edition of the Agricultural Outlook edition presents the outlook for commodity markets during the 2009 to 2018 period, and analyses world market trends for the main agricultural products, as well as biofuels. It provides an assessment of agricultural market prospects for production, consumption, trade, stocks and prices of the included commodities.
This edition of the Outlook was prepared in a period of unprecedented financial market turmoil and rapidly deteriorating global economic prospects. Because macroeconomic conditions are changing so quickly, this report complements the standard baseline projections with an analysis of revised short-term GDP prospects and alternative GDP recovery paths. Lower GDP scenarios result in lower commodity prices, with reductions in crop and biofuel prices about one-half those for livestock products. A sensitivity analysis to highly uncertain crude oil prices shows the important links between energy and agricultural prices. The Outlook also reports on a survey of various actors in the agri-food chain in terms of the current impacts of the global economic crisis and credit market constraints.
The issue of food security and the capacity of the agricultural sector to meet the rising demand for food remains very high on the international political agenda. This report provides a brief overview of critical factors such as land availability, productivity gains, water usage and climate change, and suggests that agricultural production could be significantly increased, provided there is sufficient investment in research, infrastructure and technological change, particularly in developing countries.
Since the mid-19th century military powers and various writers have tried to define the notion of belligerent occupation and, in particular, the beginning thereof. There are many situations in which a state of occupation is controversial or even denied. When is control so effective that an invasion turns into a state of belligerent occupation? What is the minimum area of a territory that can be occupied; a town, a hamlet, a house or what about a hill taken by the armed forces? This paper examines what seems to be an important gap of the Fourth Geneva Convention: contrary to the Hague Regulations of 1907 it does not provide a definition of belligerent occupation. It is argued that the Fourth Geneva Convention follows its own rules of applicability and that therefore the provisions relative to occupied territories apply in accordance with the "functional beginning" of belligerent occupation approach from the moment that a protected person finds him or herself in the hands of the enemy. Henry Dunant Prize 2010 from the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights (ADH Geneva)
L'augmentation de 0,74o Celsius de la température moyenne depuis la fin du XIXe siècle a déjà provoqué des changements écologiques importants dans la biosphère. Une des conséquences du réchauffement climatique est l'élévation du niveau de la mer. Le point le plus haut de Tuvalu, un petit Etat polynésien formé de neuf atolls, se situe seulement à 4 mètres au-dessus du niveau de la mer et, d'ici 2050, Tuvalu pourrait disparaître des suites de la montée des océans. Cette situation pose de nombreux problèmes juridiques, dont le plus évident est la disparition du territoire d'un Etat souverain.
Political rhetoric on human rights in Europe is different from daily reality. Almost every politician is on record as favouring the protection of freedom and justice. Standards on human rights have been agreed at European and international level; many have been integrated into national law; but they are not consistently enforced. There is an implementation gap. It is this implementation gap that this book seeks to address. It is built on a compilation of separate "viewpoints" or articles which Thomas Hammarberg has written, and later updated, since beginning his mandate as Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights in April 2006. He has now visited almost all of the 47 member states of the Council of Europe. On each visit he has met victims of violations of human rights and their families, leading politicians, prosecutors, judges, ombudsmen, religious leaders, journalists and civil society representatives as well as inmates of prisons and other institutions, law enforcement personnel and others. The "viewpoints" written on the basis of these many visits summarise his reflections, conclusions and recommendations.
Inequality limits young people's chances in life. Yet equality is the basis of democracy and Article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights secures the rights and freedoms of the young "without discrimination on any ground". Research shows that inequality - in opportunities, wealth or health, for example - is widespread in Europe and that the citizens of richer countries do not necessarily have healthier profiles than those of poorer countries. The citizens of egalitarian countries, on the other hand, have the highest life expectancy. This book examines many aspects of inequality and opportunity for young people including schooling, employment, social exclusion, labour migration, trafficking, disability, cultural and religious discrimination, youth work, and opposition and resistance.
This paper examines the ambivalent influence of the UN Security Council's practice on the development of international refugee protection since the early 1990s. While the international refugee protection regime did not originally foresee a role for the Security Council, the increasingly complex security challenges in the post-Cold War era have led to its de facto inclusion in the institutional framework of protection. After having used its wide discretionary powers under the UN Charter to link refugee flows with its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, the Security Council thus began to strengthen different aspects of international refugee protection. Mariano Garcia Rubio Prize 2009 for the best Master's Thesis in International Law. A revised version of Part 3 of this ePaper was published as C. Ahlborn, `The Normative Erosion of International Refugee Protection through UN Security Council Practice', (2011) 24 Leiden Journal of International Law, pp 1009-1027. The views reflected in this paper are personal and do not necessarily reflect those of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.
The story broke in 2006: Since 9/11, US intelligence services have had access to practically any international money transfer data by infiltrating the SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) network. Banks worldwide transfer money orders and personal customer data through this network. While the surveillance was all-embracing in 2001, it was gradually limited over the course of the last few years. Revealed by the New York Times, the SWIFT affair has had global as well as national implications. While this dissertation first examines the international dimension of the SWIFT surveillance, the analysis mainly focuses on the national repercussions for Switzerland. Arditi Prize 2010 in International Affairs.
This work aims to shed light on the evolution of the Lebanese political arena after the withdrawal of Syrian troops in April 2005 by analyzing the perceptions of Hizballah among members of the Free Patriotic Movement (FPM), as the alliance between the two groups enters its fourth year. Hizballah is generally well portrayed among FPM members although the two constituencies have very few elements in common. Different backgrounds, confessions, political views and cultural traits distinguish them.
Atlantic, Euratlantic or Europe-America? What did the Atlantic Community mean for the nations of North America and Western Europe during the 1960s and early 1970s? This book, spanning the period from presidents Kennedy to Nixon, offers a wide-ranging set of views on this topic. National perspectives from the main protagonists-the United States, Britain, France, and West Germany- are complemented by studies on the role of non-state institutions and public diplomacy in maintaining close transatlantic relations. The book moves from the high optimism of the Kennedy years, with the attempt to reframe transatlantic relations around two more equal poles in the United States and a uniting Europe, to the series of disagreements and disputes that energised transatlantic diplomacy during the Nixon years. In doing so, the book provides a unique overview of the main trends and troubles of the transatlantic relationship during a critical period, and shows how various channels-both diplomatic and non-diplomatic-were used to overcome them and maintain a strong alliance.
This is the third book in the Pestalozzi series. The first, Teacher education for change, dealt with the underlying philosophy of the Pestalozzi Programme and its approach to education in general and teacher education in particular. The second Intercultural competence for all, looked at the various implications of promoting the development of intercultural competence as a main concern of mainstream education.
This work takes a step further towards the full integration of intercultural competences as a key element within the education system. It aims at offering an educational rationale and conceptual framework for the development of intercultural competence, as well as a clear description of its constitutive elements to be developed in and through education.
With the rise of the Internet, the opportunities to express oneself have grown exponentially, as have the challenges to freedom of expression. From the Arab Spring to the global Occupy movement, freedom of expression on the Internet has had a profound impact on the debates which shape our future. At the same time, an increasing number of states use the Internet to spy on journalists and citizens, to prosecute and jail bloggers, and to censor online information.
This book sets out to answer essential questions regarding the extent and limits of freedom of expression online. It seeks to shed light on the often obscure landscape of what we are allowed to say online and how our ideas, and the process of imparting and receiving information, are protected.
It shows the large ambit of rights protected by freedom of expression - including freedom of the media and the right to access information via the Internet. It also highlights the importance of the standard-setting, monitoring and promotion activities of international and non-governmental organisations, with a chapter on relevant national practices that illustrates how different states deal with the challenge that the Internet has brought to ensuring freedom of expression for all. As the importance of the Internet in our daily lives grows, readers will find this book to be a valuable resource for understanding the rights and obligations of each actor on the Internet, including states, Internet companies and civil society.
The Revised European Convention on the" Adoption of Children (RECAC) was introduced by the Council of Europe in 2008, in an effort to provide a modern framework for the adoption of children. It represents an international consensus on acceptable child adoption, reflecting the different views, legal diversity and common heritage of member states.
This book provides an in-depth analysis and commentary on each of the 30 articles of the revised convention. It is a comprehensive work which explores the changes and developments that have taken place since the 1967 Convention on the Adoption of Children first emerged. It is a detailed, one-stop source for judges, social workers, legislatures and adoption practitioners on all aspects of the RECAC. This clear and incisive text is divided into three parts, commencing with an overview of the convention, followed by an examination of the general principles and concluding with the final clauses.
Table des matières
I. Current and Future Public Governance Challenges
II. Government Revenues
III. Government Expenditures
IV. Intersection between the Public and Private Sectors
V. Public Employment
VI. Human Resource Management Practices
VII. Budget Practices and Procedures
VIII. Regulatory Management
X. Open and Responsive Government
Annex A. Methodology for Revenue Aggregates
Annex B. Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG)
Annex C. Composite Indexes for HRM, Budget Practices and Regulatory Management
Annex D. Detailed Data from the 2009 Survey on Integrity
Annex E. Contextual Factors
Annex F. Members of the Steering Group
The Western Balkan region benefits from a cost-competitive labour force and geographic and cultural proximity to EU markets. However, cost competitiveness as a source of differentiation is not sustainable. Cost levels are increasing gradually in some sectors, reducing firms' profitability. In order to sustain competitiveness, the Western Balkans needs to move up the value chain, from investing in automated technology to producing higher-quality goods and enhancing its human capital. This report examines the apparel manufacturing, automotive components and business process and technology outsourcing sectors, focusing on market competitiveness factors, industry key success factors and policy recommendations.
OECD's annual publication analysing recent developments in migration movements and policies in its countries. Each edition provides the latest statistical information on immigrant stocks and flows, immigrants in the labour market, and migration policies. This 2012 edition covers all OECD countries, as well as the Russian Federation, Bulgaria, Romania and Lithuania. Two special chapters complement the information on movements and policies: "Renewing the skills of ageing workforces: The role of migration" and "The Changing Role of Asia in International Migration". The publication also features country profiles and a statistical annex.
The Review of Corporate Governance in Israel was prepared as part of the process of Israel's accession to OECD Membership. The report describes the corporate governance setting including the structure and ownership concentration of listed companies and the structure and operation of the state-owned sector. The Review then examines the legal and regulatory framework and company practices to assess the degree to which the recommendations of the OECD Principles of Corporate Governance and the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises have been implemented.
Cette édition 2009 des Comptes nationaux des pays de l'OCDE volume I - principaux agrégats couvre le PIB suivant les trois optiques (dépenses, production et revenus), le revenu disponible, l'épargne et la capacité/besoin de financement, la population et l'emploi. Il comprend aussi des tableaux comparatifs basés sur les taux de change et des tableaux comparatifs basés sur les parités de pouvoir d'achat. Les données sont montrées pour 30 pays de l'OCDE et la Zone euro depuis 1996 dans la plupart des cas, exprimées en monnaie nationale (en euros pour les pays de la zone euro), mais aussi en dollars des États-Unis pour le produit intérieur brut et la consommation individuelle effective depuis 1985. Ces statistiques sont basées sur le Système de Comptabilité Nationale 1993 (SCN 1993) pour tous les pays.
Each year about 1.3 million people are killed and another 50 million people are injured on roads worldwide. These road crashes cost countries between 1 and 3 percent of their GDP. Many of these crashes can be prevented by effective countermeasures. This report helps identify the most effective safety countermeasures.
Policy makers need to justify expenditure on road safety in terms of effectiveness, competing for the scarce resources available. The risk of making poor decisions and the cost of making better decisions can be reduced by the use of reliable studies on how effective safety measures are, based on Crash Modification Functions (CMFs). This report shows that there is a prospect for significant advances and major cost savings through the transfer of results internationally, allowing for more rapid adoption and dissemination of new life-saving safety measures.
The report serves as a guide to how research results can be shared internationally. It provides checklist for systematic review of road safety studies and a framework for standardising methodology.
The report targets the road safety research community but will also find an audience among policy makers at all levels of government. The report highlights the value of Crash Modification Functions and the importance of ensuring practicioners use the best CMFs available.
This publication reviews measures taken to support investment policy and governance reforms in Iraq. It finds that Iraqi parliamentary elections, held without major security incidents in March 2010, are the latest in a series of indicators suggesting that the country may be achieving greater stability in governance and security - a key prerequisite for foreign and domestic investment, growth and job creation. Furthermore, the business environment is gradually improving as a result of an ongoing institutional capacity building process supported by the international community.
The MENA-OECD Initiative on Governance and Investment for Development is part of this effort, playing a key role in building the capacity of the National Investment Commission and its one-stop shop for investment licensing. The Initiative has helped raise awareness on corruption and bribery issues, provided training for the negotiators of international agreements, and advised on implementing regulations for the landmark Investment Law of 2006. This publication examines these issues, and MENA-OECD involvement in advancing them, for the period 2007-2008.
In recent years, the need to address social and environmental challenges has grown in urgency. Climate change, global health, food security and many other global challenges cross national borders and affect a wide range of actors. Yet, in most cases, single governments cannot provide effective solutions. Global challenges call for co-operation on a global scale to build capacity in science, technology and innovation (STI) at both national and international levels. How can international co-operation in STI be scaled up and its scope broadened? How do different modes of governance of international co-operation in STI function and which modes lead to effective and efficient collaboration?
Based on case studies, this book presents lessons and good practices on a range of governance mechanisms used for international co-operation in STI to address global challenges. The studies cover organisations that address global challenges including agriculture, food security, health, energy and climate change as well as organisations that bring together various types of actors. It takes a first step towards understanding the complexity of governance of international STI collaboration and provides the basis for future research.